MANAGING RISK FOR ADAPTED AND CONSIDERATE ARCHITECTURE IN SAMOA


SUPPORTED BY:
ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL COOPERATION FUND FOR THE PACIFIC 2013 (Fonds de Cooperation Economique, Sociale et Culturelle pour le Pacifique)



IN COLLABORATION WITH:

- The village of Sa'anapu, Upolu Island, South Coast of Samoa.

- NIWA, New Zealand,

- The South Pacific Integrated Observatory for Environment and Terrestrial and Marine Biodiversity (GOPS), New Caledonia,

- The Australian Tsunami Research Centre in Sydney, New South Wales,

- Victoria University School of Architecture, Wellington, New Zealand,



Photos by Bonnifait+Giesen



OBJECTIVE

The objective of this multidisciplinary project is to help mitigate the vulnerability of the Samoan community to natural disasters through characterisation of the hazard, quantification of the risk associated with tsunami and climatic disasters and proposing adapted architectural solutions in respecting the Samoa cultural identity and local economical specificities.

The intertwining of scientific data, architectural appraisal, anthropological notes and sociological surveys will enable the team to propose, in partnership with the local community, technical and operational responses adapted to the geological, climatic, economic and cultural particularities of Samoa.



OUTLINE OF THE STAGES OF THE PROJECT

STAGE 1:

The first stage of the project has been an evaluation stage and the identification of a community to develop this project with. The project is focusing on one structured community on the south coast of Upolu, Samoa. This structured community is characterised by a distinct, limited geomorphology: a small bay, a mangrove and a catchment valley, and has been affected by the 2009 tsunami and the 2011 cyclone. An evaluation of the data available through the international scientific community and the local need and requirements has been undertaken.




STAGE 2: First exchanges with the village of Sa'anapu.
ON SITE WORKSHOP: August 20th -Sept 1st 2013

The second phase of the project was a site visit to collect the data and information (geological and anthropological) required, including:
• The scientific geological background which will aim at collecting information on past tsunami in order to 1) estimate the recurrence on catastrophic events; 2) assess the physical characteristics of such events (run-up, inundation, ..); and 3) validate the numerical models of tsunami that will be undertaken during the research phase.

• The architectural survey will include a detailed documentation of individual buildings both of traditional types still in use including their evolution, and the “non-traditional” or imported types adapted to local needs. This information will be complemented by an assessment of availability of building and human resources. Combined with cultural/anthropological appraisal and risks factors, it will form the basis for creating a considered architectural approach that is not a rupture but rather an evolution of these existing parameters.




The preschool




The women committee




STAGE 3: Outlining the project for Sa'anapu

The third stage of the project is the Research and Analysis conducted in Samoa, New-Zealand, Australia and New Caledonia with the input of the village community through its collective memory.
The aim is to bring the first element of response to the identified risk and environment. The analysis, interpretation and synthesis of the documents collected in Samoa will be archived including the production of documentations with maps(zoning, circulation, habitation) graphs, plans, and detailed drawings of construction methods, descriptions and research publications.
This will help to formulate a credible and feasible architectural typology adapted to the specific natural environment and construction method.




A source of pure water, mangrove, Sa'anapu



TEAM WORKSHOP HELD in NEW ZEALAND
Nov 4th-10th 2013



Talking Chief of Sa'anapu, Popese Leaana, at Atelierworkshop in Wellington, New Zealand for a week of an interactive workshop on mapping the village, interviews and cross-over of the data. Here with Carinnya Feaunati during interviews on repartition of the land.



TEAM WORKSHOP HELD in Sa'anapu April 28th-May 4th 2014


Cecile Bonnifait to hold an interactive workshop in Sa'anapu with High Chief Anapu, his son Aialii and Orator Popese Leaana. Discussion around the brief for the project, site visit and survey.



OFFICIAL VISIT of HIS EXCELLENCY LAURENT CONTINI, AMBASSADOR OF FRANCE in NEW ZEALAND


May 3rd 2014

Site visit of Sa'anapu-tai with the High Chiefs, H.C.Laurent Contini Ambassador of France in NZ, Rafael Pont French Cultural Attache & Zita Martel Honorary Consul of France in Samoa.



OFFICIAL VISIT of HIS EXCELLENCY LAURENT CONTINI, AMBASSADOR OF FRANCE in NEW ZEALAND


Visit of the preschool that needs relocation and meeting the Women's committee representative.




The site for the new community building including a preschool, women committee and other community activities



OFFICIAL VISIT of HIS EXCELLENCY LAURENT CONTINI, AMBASSADOR OF FRANCE in NEW ZEALAND

Laurent Contini and the High chiefs at Aiali'i Anapu's Tele Fale for a fonotaga - meeting about the project. Aiali'i is proposing officially a site for the project from his own family land at the centre of Sa'anapu-uta in order to relocate the Preschool and the Women's Committee from the current risk zone in Sa'anapu-tai.



SEPTEMBER 2014: OFFICIAL VISIT TO SA"ANAPU BY THE FRENCH DELEGATION TO THE SIDS

The Council of Matais receiving Head of Delegation Annick Girardin (Secrétaire d'Etat au Développement et à la Francophonie) and the New Caledonian Delegation.



SEPTEMBER 2014: OFFICIAL VISIT TO SA"ANAPU BY THE FRENCH DELEGATION TO THE SIDS

Meeting between the Council of Matais and the French Delegation



SEPTEMBER 2014: OFFICIAL VISIT TO SA"ANAPU BY THE FRENCH DELEGATION TO THE SIDS

Visit of the Mangrove reserve, Tofi Tafili Popese Leaana (Tupu)